BETTE NORENE (HOGE) SAWYER (1923 – 2002)
Governor Frank Grant Sawyer (1959 – 1967)
The information below has been compiled from a variety of sources. If the reader has access to information that can be documented and that will correct or add to this woman’s biographical information, please contact the Nevada Women’s History Project.
At A Glance:
Born: 22 May 1923 (Baker, OR)
Died: 11 Sept. 2002 (Las Vegas, NV)
Burial: Las Vegas, NV
Maiden Name: Bette Norene Hoge
Race/Nationality/Ethnic Background: Caucasian
Married: 1 Aug 1946 (Washington, D.C.)
Primary City and County of Residence and Work:
Carson City, NV and Las Vegas, NV
Major Fields of Work: First Lady
Other Role Identities: Wife, Mother, Civic Activist
Bette Hoge was born May 22, 1923 in Baker (now Baker City), Oregon. She was the only child born to Earl and Mary Hoge. Earl had a grain and feed business and Mary was a homemaker. Bette was an accomplished pianist and organ player, having taken seven years of lessons. She never played in later years for anyone but her family. Even her closest friends were unaware of her talent. Bette graduated from Baker High School where she was the drum majorette in the marching band. She completed three and a half years at the University of Oregon, majoring in French and Spanish, hoping to become a teacher. It was during World War II that Bette’s father felt she should not be so far from home and she left the university. She always hoped to go back to college and get her twelve remaining credits, but life stepped in and she never did.
In 1945 the family moved to Reno, Nevada, where her father Earl became purchasing agent for Harold’s Club. He held that position for the next thirty years. Bette was working in Reno when her cousin asked her to go on a blind date with a friend of his who had returned to Reno after WWII ended. He was on his way back to Washington, D.C. to finish law school. That blind date and the six dates that followed resulted in a nearly fifty year marriage between Grant Sawyer and Bette Hoge Sawyer. They were married on August 1, 1946, in Washington D. C.
Grant came from a distinguished Nevada family. His father was a well-known doctor from Fallon, Nevada. Harry W. Sawyer also had served in the state legislature and was instrumental in passing the first health care bill. Byrd Sawyer, Grant’s stepmother, was an acclaimed author, having written several books on Nevada. Her Our State Nevada book was used for many years as Nevada’s history book in the public schools.
Grant had completed one year of law school at George Washington before the war and would finish his last two years (1946-1947) at Georgetown. Bette became the breadwinner for those two years. She had a fabulous job at the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. She worked in the secretarial pool. The job required a security clearance as high level research was being conducted on a number of diseases. She loved to tell about the times she saw and met Albert Einstein. It was during this time that Senator Joseph McCarthy was investigating Communist sympathizers. Albert Einstein was a target of the McCarthy investigations.
In 1948 Grant and Bette moved to Elko, Nevada, where Grant went into private practice. Bette was Grant’s secretary until their only child, daughter Gail, was born in 1949. Grant was elected District Attorney in 1950 and both he and Bette were active in many community clubs and organizations. Bette had been a Republican until she married Grant. She had to change her registration to Democrat in order to vote for Grant for D.A. She became a rabid Democrat from that day forward and never, or rarely ever, voted Republican again.
In 1958 Grant was elected Governor and served two terms (1959-1967). The Sawyers moved to Carson City, Nevada, and the Governor’s Mansion in January 1959. Bette was never comfortable in the public arena. She was a very private person and quite shy. She, however, dove right into her new position as First Lady and lobbied the state legislature for badly needed furniture and silverware for the Governor’s Mansion. She was finally successful. Bette initially had to use her own silverware when guests came to the mansion. People thought it was state silverware and took one or two of the utensils home with them; thus, no more silverware. She was never able to refurbish her own silverware as they no longer made that pattern.
Many well-known and celebrated people came to the mansion during those years. But by far the most notable was John F. Kennedy. He had come to speak to the state legislature in 1960. Grant and Bette were hosting a reception for him at the mansion. On the day of the reception, Kennedy and Pierre Salinger, Kennedy’s press secretary, had driven around Lake Tahoe and arrived several hours early at the mansion. At that time trustees from the Nevada State Prison worked at the mansion in various capacities. There was also a full time cook who lived there. All of these people were in the process of finalizing preparations for the reception. So when the front doorbell rang, Bette, dressed, in her estimation, in an old ratty robe, opened the door to see standing on the porch the future President of the United States and Pierre Salinger. She was understandably mortified, but graciously invited them in. Pierre played the piano downstairs, while John sat on the toilet in the bathroom chatting with Grant while he showered. Later he talked with Gail in her bedroom. He made everyone feel at ease immediately. It was a day none of the Sawyers would ever forget.
The project for which Bette will most be remembered will be her tireless research and photographs of all the wives of Nevada’s governors. The photographs still hang in the mansion and have been added to as each new governor’s wife comes into office. Bette wanted these women to be recognized in their own right. She was a pioneer in that the First Ladies who had preceded her had not been involved in causes of their own outside of the traditional entertaining and charity duties expected of all of Nevada’s First Ladies. Bette opened that door and most First Ladies have continued this practice.
In 1967 Grant and Bette moved to Las Vegas, Nevada. Grant again started practicing law and Bette was overjoyed to again be a private citizen. She was not active in club work, to which she had devoted eight years, but spent her time enjoying her family, her friends, her new home, her yard, and her dogs. Grant and Bette both loved to travel. They took several trips a year and explored the world. They remained in Las Vegas for the rest of their lives. Grant died in 1996 at the age of 77 and Bette died in 2002 at the age of 79.
Her daughter Gail said, “My mother was one of the greatest story tellers. I wish I had written them all down, but time got away and, truthfully, I could never have done them justice. She had a marvelous sense of humor, a wonderful smile, and contagious laugh. She was loyal to a fault and maintained lifelong friendships. You always knew where you stood with her. She was direct and to the point. She did not have one pretentious bone in her body. She was gracious, beautiful and, in my opinion, the world’s greatest mother and friend.”
Researched and written by Gail Sawyer, daughter of Bette Sawyer. Posted to NWHP Web site September 2009.
- Sawyer, Gail. “Biographies.” Bette (Hoge) Sawyer. Nevada Women’s History Project, 1 Sept. 2009. Web. 11 July 2010. https://nevadawomen.org.
- “Tea Given at Fallon Honoring Two.” Reno Evening Gazette 23 July 1946:12. Print.
- “Church Rite Unites Couple in Marriage.” Reno Evening Gazette 12 Aug 1946:12. Print.
- “Bring on the bunny.” Elko Daily Free Press 3 April 1952:1. Print., 1952.
- “Fashions of 1952 will be presented at show tonight.” Elko Daily Free Press 8 April 1952:1. Print.
- “New Officers Are Installed by Elko AAUW Group.” Elko Daily Free Press 8 May 1954:3. Print.
- Kefauver, Estes to Bette Sawyer. 28 June 1956. Governor Grant Sawyer Collection, 6305032, Sawyer-0002, Binder 1, 1956-1958. Nevada State Library and Archives, Carson City, Nevada.
- “Nevada Office Candidates.” Reno Evening Gazette 11 July 1958:1. Print.
- “Files for Governor.”. Elko Daily Free Press 16 July 1958:1. Print.
- “Sawyer Wins.” Las Vegas Sun 3 Sept. 1958:1. Print.
- “Former Elko Housewife Has Furniture Problem.” Reno Evening Gazette 5 Dec. 1958:29. Print.
- “Life Story Of Gov.-Elect Grant Sawyer Is Saga Of Hard-Working American Youth.” Las Vegas Review Journal 7 Dec. 1958:38-39. Print.
- “Grant Sawyer Assumes Governor Job: Inauguration Spectators Jam Capitol.” Reno Gazette Journal 6 Jan. 1959:1. Print.
- “Nevada Inaugural Day in Pictures.” Reno Evening Gazette 6 Jan. 1959:18. Print.
- “Biggest Inaugural Ball in Nevada’s History: Nevadans Welcome Their Governor.” Reno Evening Gazette 19 Jan. 1959:7.
- “Bette Sawyer Views Puerto Rico with Other Governor’s Wives.” Reno Evening Gazette 28 Sept. 1959:8.
- “Governor, Wife to lead Square Dance Grand March.” Reno Evening Gazette 24 Oct. 1959:16. Print.
- “Colorful NV. Admission Day celebration Oct 31”, Reno Evening Gazette 24 Oct. 1959:26. Print.
- “Governor’s Wife Has Woes: First Lady on the social spot.” Las Vegas Review Journal 7 Feb. 1960:1. Print.
- “Sugar and Spice Duet.” Reno Evening Gazette 29 Mar. 1960:26. Print.
- “Governor’s Wife Prepares for Washington Social Events: Three Days Filled with Glittering Events as Gov. and Mrs. Sawyer Visit Washington.” Reno Evening Gazette 17 Jan. 1961:8. Print.
- “Mrs. Sawyer Meets the Press: Mansion hallway blossoms with First Lady Portraits.” Reno Evening Gazette 22 April 1961:9. Print.
- “The Photographic Collection” Nevada Appeal 25 April 1961:2. Print.
- “The Wives of State Officials Speak: Some Have Already Fitted Into Pattern, Others Seek Place.” Reno Evening Gazette 12 Jan. 1963:2. Print.
- “Ex-Governor’s Wife Known as Card Shark.” Times Recorder [Zanesville, Ohio] 30 Jan. 1964. Print.
- “The Governor’s Lady Goes to Work-At Home: Some Funds, an Artist’s Touch, Family Belongings Change Governor’s Mansion into Modern Day Showplace of History.” Reno Evening Gazette 18 June 1964:10. Print.
- “Mrs. Grant Sawyer at home 600 Mountain Street Carson City.” Nevada State Journal [Reno] 16 Aug. 1964:21. Print.
- “First Ladies prepare for Centennial.” Reno Evening Gazette 7 Oct. 1964:14. Print.
- “She’s an Old Trouper.” Reno Evening Gazette 21 April 1966:9. Print.
- “Gals for Grant Leave Monday on Tour.” Nevada State Journal 23 Oct 1966:32. Print.
- “First Lady of Nevada, Bette Sawyer, reflects about “A pretty good team.” Reno Evening Gazette 3 Nov. 1966:21. Print.
- “Wife of former Governor finds joy in new freedom.” Nevada State Journal [Reno[ 19 Mar. 1967:26. Print.
- Myles, Myrtle Tate. “Frank Grant Sawyer.” Nevada’s Governors: From Territorial Days to the Present, 1861-1971. Sparks, NV: Western Printing & Publishing Company, 1972. 123-125.
- “Governors Gather: Chief Executives, Wives Agree on Major Issues Facing Nevada.” Reno Gazette Journal 7 Jan. 1979, sec. A-Nevada Life: 12. Print.
- Powers, Lenita. “All the Governor’s Wives: Bette Sawyer.” Nevada State Journal [Reno] 29 Nov. 1981, Sec. E: 1, 3. Print
- “Governors’ Kids roll call.” Reno Gazette Journal 2 Nov. 1997, sec. B: 2. Print.
- “Elegant tea party honors Nevada’s First Ladies.” Las Vegas Sun 27 Oct. 1999, sec. E: 7. Print.
- “Bette Sawyer, widow of former First Lady Sawyer Dies.” Las Vegas Review Journal 12 Sept. 2002, sec. B: 7. Print.
- “Former First Lady Sawyer Dies.” Las Vegas Sun 12 Sept. 2002, sec. B: 5. Print.
- “Ex Nevada First Lady dies.” Reno Gazette Journal 12 Sept. 2002, sec. C: 4. Print.
- Harpster, Jack. “The Last of McCarran’s Boys: Governor Grant Sawyer.” 100 Years in the Nevada Governor’s Mansion. Las Vegas, NV: Stephens Press, LLC, 2009. 140-149. Print.
- Personal recollections by the author.
- “Mansion Hallway Blossoms With First Lady Portraits.” Reno Evening Gazette, April 22, 1961, p. 9.